A design pattern for working agreements in human-autonomy teaming

Robert S. Gutzwiller, Sarah H. Espinosa, Caitlin Kenny, Douglas S. Lange

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Humans and machines are increasingly reliant upon each other in complex environments and military operations. The near future suggests human understanding of machine counterparts is a required, paradigmatic element. Knowing how to engineer and design for these environments is challenging. The complexity between levels of automation, human information processing, and function allocation authority issues in an adaptive system make it unlikely to find a “one-size-fits-all” approach. There may still be general strategies for engineering in these cases; for example, collaborating and coordinating are familiar requirements of all human team activities, and extend to human-automation teaming. Here, we outline what we believe is one so-called “design pattern” for working agreements. We use the loose structure of prior software design patterns to organize our thoughts on why working agreements are necessary, where and how they are applicable, what instantiating them requires, and how to measure their effectiveness. By choosing the design pattern structure, we end up carefully describing what might work best and what the limits are toward improving human-machine teaming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Human Factors in Simulation and Modeling - Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Simulation and Modeling, 2017
EditorsDaniel N. Cassenti
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages12-24
Number of pages13
ISBN (Print)9783319605906
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Externally publishedYes
EventAHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Simulation and Modeling, 2017 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2017Jul 21 2017

Publication series

NameAdvances in Intelligent Systems and Computing
Volume591
ISSN (Print)2194-5357

Conference

ConferenceAHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Simulation and Modeling, 2017
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period7/17/177/21/17

Keywords

  • Design patterns
  • Human automation interaction
  • Human-machine teaming
  • Working agreements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Gutzwiller, R. S., Espinosa, S. H., Kenny, C., & Lange, D. S. (2018). A design pattern for working agreements in human-autonomy teaming. In D. N. Cassenti (Ed.), Advances in Human Factors in Simulation and Modeling - Proceedings of the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors in Simulation and Modeling, 2017 (pp. 12-24). (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Vol. 591). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60591-3_2