A Configurable 12–237 kS/s 12.8 mW Sparse-Approximation Engine for Mobile Data Aggregation of Compressively Sampled Physiological Signals

Fengbo Ren, Dejan Markovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compressive sensing (CS) is a promising technology for realizing low-power and cost-effective wireless sensor nodes (WSNs) in pervasive health systems for 24/7 health monitoring. Due to the high computational complexity (CC) of the reconstruction algorithms, software solutions cannot fulfill the energy efficiency needs for real-time processing. In this paper, we present a 12—237 kS/s 12.8 mW sparse-approximation (SA) engine chip that enables the energy-efficient data aggregation of compressively sampled physiological signals on mobile platforms. The SA engine chip integrated in 40 nm CMOS can support the simultaneous reconstruction of over 200 channels of physiological signals while consuming of a smartphone’s power budget. Such energy-efficient reconstruction enables two-to-three times energy saving at the sensor nodes in a CS-based health monitoring system as compared to traditional Nyquist-based systems, while providing timely feedback and bringing signal intelligence closer to the user.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Oct 15 2015

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Agglomeration
Health
Engines
Sensor nodes
Monitoring
Smartphones
Energy efficiency
Computational complexity
Energy conservation
Feedback
Processing
Costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Compressive sensing (CS) is a promising technology for realizing low-power and cost-effective wireless sensor nodes (WSNs) in pervasive health systems for 24/7 health monitoring. Due to the high computational complexity (CC) of the reconstruction algorithms, software solutions cannot fulfill the energy efficiency needs for real-time processing. In this paper, we present a 12—237 kS/s 12.8 mW sparse-approximation (SA) engine chip that enables the energy-efficient data aggregation of compressively sampled physiological signals on mobile platforms. The SA engine chip integrated in 40 nm CMOS can support the simultaneous reconstruction of over 200 channels of physiological signals while consuming of a smartphone’s power budget. Such energy-efficient reconstruction enables two-to-three times energy saving at the sensor nodes in a CS-based health monitoring system as compared to traditional Nyquist-based systems, while providing timely feedback and bringing signal intelligence closer to the user.",
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