A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use

Tommy Gärling, Daniel Eek, Peter Loukopoulos, Satoshi Fujii, Olof Johansson-Stenman, Ryuichi Kitamura, Ram Pendyala, Bertil Vilhelmson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A conceptual framework is presented that may be utilized when analyzing changes in household travel arising from the range of potential measures available to policy makers. The proposed framework draws on goal setting theory in order to understand how travel is influenced by the impact various travel demand management (TDM) measures have on time, cost, and convenience of travel options. Travel is understood from a perspective assuming that it is controlled by negative feedback functioning to minimize deviations from goals nested at different levels. The conceptual framework, with its basis in goal setting and control theories, is then applied to understanding strategic and operational choice related to travel as well as habitual travel. Finally, the proposed conceptual framework is used to highlight and focus attention on key research issues that ought to be addressed if our understanding of the impact of TDM measures on household travel, and private car use in particular, is to improve.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-70
Number of pages12
JournalTransport Policy
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

car use
travel demand
demand management
Railroad cars
travel
Control theory
conceptual framework
Feedback
Costs
analysis
private car
control theory
cost

Keywords

  • Behavioral approach
  • Car use
  • Household travel
  • Travel demand management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Law
  • Transportation

Cite this

Gärling, T., Eek, D., Loukopoulos, P., Fujii, S., Johansson-Stenman, O., Kitamura, R., ... Vilhelmson, B. (2002). A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use. Transport Policy, 9(1), 59-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-070X(01)00035-X

A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use. / Gärling, Tommy; Eek, Daniel; Loukopoulos, Peter; Fujii, Satoshi; Johansson-Stenman, Olof; Kitamura, Ryuichi; Pendyala, Ram; Vilhelmson, Bertil.

In: Transport Policy, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2002, p. 59-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gärling, T, Eek, D, Loukopoulos, P, Fujii, S, Johansson-Stenman, O, Kitamura, R, Pendyala, R & Vilhelmson, B 2002, 'A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use', Transport Policy, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 59-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-070X(01)00035-X
Gärling T, Eek D, Loukopoulos P, Fujii S, Johansson-Stenman O, Kitamura R et al. A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use. Transport Policy. 2002;9(1):59-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-070X(01)00035-X
Gärling, Tommy ; Eek, Daniel ; Loukopoulos, Peter ; Fujii, Satoshi ; Johansson-Stenman, Olof ; Kitamura, Ryuichi ; Pendyala, Ram ; Vilhelmson, Bertil. / A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use. In: Transport Policy. 2002 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 59-70.
@article{f2f459e94da64718826e59657c1f166e,
title = "A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use",
abstract = "A conceptual framework is presented that may be utilized when analyzing changes in household travel arising from the range of potential measures available to policy makers. The proposed framework draws on goal setting theory in order to understand how travel is influenced by the impact various travel demand management (TDM) measures have on time, cost, and convenience of travel options. Travel is understood from a perspective assuming that it is controlled by negative feedback functioning to minimize deviations from goals nested at different levels. The conceptual framework, with its basis in goal setting and control theories, is then applied to understanding strategic and operational choice related to travel as well as habitual travel. Finally, the proposed conceptual framework is used to highlight and focus attention on key research issues that ought to be addressed if our understanding of the impact of TDM measures on household travel, and private car use in particular, is to improve.",
keywords = "Behavioral approach, Car use, Household travel, Travel demand management",
author = "Tommy G{\"a}rling and Daniel Eek and Peter Loukopoulos and Satoshi Fujii and Olof Johansson-Stenman and Ryuichi Kitamura and Ram Pendyala and Bertil Vilhelmson",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1016/S0967-070X(01)00035-X",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "9",
pages = "59--70",
journal = "Transport Policy",
issn = "0967-070X",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A conceptual analysis of the impact of travel demand management on private car use

AU - Gärling, Tommy

AU - Eek, Daniel

AU - Loukopoulos, Peter

AU - Fujii, Satoshi

AU - Johansson-Stenman, Olof

AU - Kitamura, Ryuichi

AU - Pendyala, Ram

AU - Vilhelmson, Bertil

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - A conceptual framework is presented that may be utilized when analyzing changes in household travel arising from the range of potential measures available to policy makers. The proposed framework draws on goal setting theory in order to understand how travel is influenced by the impact various travel demand management (TDM) measures have on time, cost, and convenience of travel options. Travel is understood from a perspective assuming that it is controlled by negative feedback functioning to minimize deviations from goals nested at different levels. The conceptual framework, with its basis in goal setting and control theories, is then applied to understanding strategic and operational choice related to travel as well as habitual travel. Finally, the proposed conceptual framework is used to highlight and focus attention on key research issues that ought to be addressed if our understanding of the impact of TDM measures on household travel, and private car use in particular, is to improve.

AB - A conceptual framework is presented that may be utilized when analyzing changes in household travel arising from the range of potential measures available to policy makers. The proposed framework draws on goal setting theory in order to understand how travel is influenced by the impact various travel demand management (TDM) measures have on time, cost, and convenience of travel options. Travel is understood from a perspective assuming that it is controlled by negative feedback functioning to minimize deviations from goals nested at different levels. The conceptual framework, with its basis in goal setting and control theories, is then applied to understanding strategic and operational choice related to travel as well as habitual travel. Finally, the proposed conceptual framework is used to highlight and focus attention on key research issues that ought to be addressed if our understanding of the impact of TDM measures on household travel, and private car use in particular, is to improve.

KW - Behavioral approach

KW - Car use

KW - Household travel

KW - Travel demand management

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035734544&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035734544&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0967-070X(01)00035-X

DO - 10.1016/S0967-070X(01)00035-X

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 59

EP - 70

JO - Transport Policy

JF - Transport Policy

SN - 0967-070X

IS - 1

ER -