A computer-based approach to preventing pregnancy, STD, and HIV in rural adolescents

Anthony Roberto, Rick S. Zimmerman, Kellie E. Carlyle, Erin L. Abner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A computer- and Internet-based intervention was designed to influence several variables related to the prevention of pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in rural adolescents. The intervention was guided by the extended parallel process model and was evaluated using a pretest-post-test control group design with random assignment at the school level. Three hundred and twenty-six tenth-grade males and females enrolled in two rural Appalachian public high schools completed the survey at both points in time. Results indicate the vast majority (88.5%) of students in the experimental school completed at least one activity (M = 3.46 for those doing at least one activity). Further, both the overall program and all but one of the activities were rated positively by participants. Regarding the effects of the intervention, results indicate that students in the experimental school were less likely to initiate sexual activity and had greater general knowledge, greater condom negotiation self-efficacy, more favorable attitudes toward waiting to have sex, and greater situational self-efficacy than in the control school. In tandem, the results suggest that the computer-based programs may be a cost-effective and easily replicable means of providing teens with basic information and skills necessary to prevent pregnancy, STDs, and HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-76
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Health Communication
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

sexually transmitted disease
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Viruses
pregnancy
HIV
Students
adolescent
Pregnancy
school
Self Efficacy
Internet
self-efficacy
Negotiating
Condoms
Costs
Sexual Behavior
Software
student
Costs and Cost Analysis
Control Groups

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Library and Information Sciences
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

A computer-based approach to preventing pregnancy, STD, and HIV in rural adolescents. / Roberto, Anthony; Zimmerman, Rick S.; Carlyle, Kellie E.; Abner, Erin L.

In: Journal of Health Communication, Vol. 12, No. 1, 01.2007, p. 53-76.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roberto, Anthony ; Zimmerman, Rick S. ; Carlyle, Kellie E. ; Abner, Erin L. / A computer-based approach to preventing pregnancy, STD, and HIV in rural adolescents. In: Journal of Health Communication. 2007 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 53-76.
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