A computational model for estimating the speech motor system’s sensitivity to auditory prediction errors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The speech motor system uses feedforward and feedback control mechanisms that are both reliant on prediction errors. Here, we developed a state-space model to estimate the error sensitivity of the control systems. We examined (a) whether the model accounts for the error sensitivity of the control systems and (b) whether the two systems have similar error sensitivity. Method: Participants (N = 50) completed an adaptation paradigm, in which their first and second formants were perturbed such that a participant’s /ε/ would sound like her /ӕ/. We measured adaptive responses to the perturbations at early (0–80 ms) and late (220–300 ms) time points relative to the onset of the perturbations. As data-driven correlates of the error sensitivity of the feedforward and feedback systems, we used the average early responses and difference responses (i.e., late minus early responses), respectively. We fitted the state-space model to participants’ adaptive responses and used the model’s parameters as model-based estimates of error sensitivity. Results: We found that the late responses were larger than the early responses. Additionally, the model-based estimates of error sensitivity strongly correlated with the data-driven estimates. However, the data-driven and model-based estimates of error sensitivity of the feedforward system did not correlate with those of the feedback system. Conclusions: Overall, our results suggested that the dynamics of adaptive responses as well as error sensitivity of the control systems can be accurately predicted by the model. Furthermore, our results suggested that the feedforward and feedback control systems function independently.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1841-1854
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Volume64
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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