A comprehensive substance abuse treatment program for women and their children: An initial evaluation

Nicola A. Conners, Robert H. Bradley, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Cynthia C. Crone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article examines a comprehensive, residential substance abuse treatment program for women and their children. A majority of the 72 participants studied were African American single mothers, for whom crack/cocaine was the drug of choice. The women and their children were assessed repeatedly during treatment, and at 3, 6, and 12 months postdischarge. Program impact was estimated by comparing the outcomes of three groups that differed in the amount of treatment they received: early dropouts, late dropouts, and treatment graduates. Program graduates showed more positive outcomes than the nongraduate comparison groups in the areas of drug use and negative consequences of use, employment and self-sufficiency, and family interaction skills. Young children enrolled in treatment with their mothers were assessed using a developmental screening test, and older children with a measure of drug refusal skills. Results from both child measures suggest substantial improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 22 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Children of substance abusers
  • Program evaluation
  • Substance abuse treatment
  • Treatment outcomes
  • Women's AOD treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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