A comprehensive substance abuse treatment program for women and their children

An initial evaluation

Nicola A. Conners, Robert Bradley, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Cynthia C. Crone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article examines a comprehensive, residential substance abuse treatment program for women and their children. A majority of the 72 participants studied were African American single mothers, for whom crack/cocaine was the drug of choice. The women and their children were assessed repeatedly during treatment, and at 3, 6, and 12 months postdischarge. Program impact was estimated by comparing the outcomes of three groups that differed in the amount of treatment they received: early dropouts, late dropouts, and treatment graduates. Program graduates showed more positive outcomes than the nongraduate comparison groups in the areas of drug use and negative consequences of use, employment and self-sufficiency, and family interaction skills. Young children enrolled in treatment with their mothers were assessed using a developmental screening test, and older children with a measure of drug refusal skills. Results from both child measures suggest substantial improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-75
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Substance-Related Disorders
Mothers
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Crack Cocaine
Therapeutics
African Americans

Keywords

  • Children of substance abusers
  • Program evaluation
  • Substance abuse treatment
  • Treatment outcomes
  • Women's AOD treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

A comprehensive substance abuse treatment program for women and their children : An initial evaluation. / Conners, Nicola A.; Bradley, Robert; Whiteside-Mansell, Leanne; Crone, Cynthia C.

In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2001, p. 67-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Conners, Nicola A. ; Bradley, Robert ; Whiteside-Mansell, Leanne ; Crone, Cynthia C. / A comprehensive substance abuse treatment program for women and their children : An initial evaluation. In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 2001 ; Vol. 21, No. 2. pp. 67-75.
@article{8765d66d7ad547c3a276cdcd146bded7,
title = "A comprehensive substance abuse treatment program for women and their children: An initial evaluation",
abstract = "This article examines a comprehensive, residential substance abuse treatment program for women and their children. A majority of the 72 participants studied were African American single mothers, for whom crack/cocaine was the drug of choice. The women and their children were assessed repeatedly during treatment, and at 3, 6, and 12 months postdischarge. Program impact was estimated by comparing the outcomes of three groups that differed in the amount of treatment they received: early dropouts, late dropouts, and treatment graduates. Program graduates showed more positive outcomes than the nongraduate comparison groups in the areas of drug use and negative consequences of use, employment and self-sufficiency, and family interaction skills. Young children enrolled in treatment with their mothers were assessed using a developmental screening test, and older children with a measure of drug refusal skills. Results from both child measures suggest substantial improvement.",
keywords = "Children of substance abusers, Program evaluation, Substance abuse treatment, Treatment outcomes, Women's AOD treatment",
author = "Conners, {Nicola A.} and Robert Bradley and Leanne Whiteside-Mansell and Crone, {Cynthia C.}",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1016/S0740-5472(01)00186-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "67--75",
journal = "Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment",
issn = "0740-5472",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comprehensive substance abuse treatment program for women and their children

T2 - An initial evaluation

AU - Conners, Nicola A.

AU - Bradley, Robert

AU - Whiteside-Mansell, Leanne

AU - Crone, Cynthia C.

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - This article examines a comprehensive, residential substance abuse treatment program for women and their children. A majority of the 72 participants studied were African American single mothers, for whom crack/cocaine was the drug of choice. The women and their children were assessed repeatedly during treatment, and at 3, 6, and 12 months postdischarge. Program impact was estimated by comparing the outcomes of three groups that differed in the amount of treatment they received: early dropouts, late dropouts, and treatment graduates. Program graduates showed more positive outcomes than the nongraduate comparison groups in the areas of drug use and negative consequences of use, employment and self-sufficiency, and family interaction skills. Young children enrolled in treatment with their mothers were assessed using a developmental screening test, and older children with a measure of drug refusal skills. Results from both child measures suggest substantial improvement.

AB - This article examines a comprehensive, residential substance abuse treatment program for women and their children. A majority of the 72 participants studied were African American single mothers, for whom crack/cocaine was the drug of choice. The women and their children were assessed repeatedly during treatment, and at 3, 6, and 12 months postdischarge. Program impact was estimated by comparing the outcomes of three groups that differed in the amount of treatment they received: early dropouts, late dropouts, and treatment graduates. Program graduates showed more positive outcomes than the nongraduate comparison groups in the areas of drug use and negative consequences of use, employment and self-sufficiency, and family interaction skills. Young children enrolled in treatment with their mothers were assessed using a developmental screening test, and older children with a measure of drug refusal skills. Results from both child measures suggest substantial improvement.

KW - Children of substance abusers

KW - Program evaluation

KW - Substance abuse treatment

KW - Treatment outcomes

KW - Women's AOD treatment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034839328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034839328&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0740-5472(01)00186-6

DO - 10.1016/S0740-5472(01)00186-6

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 67

EP - 75

JO - Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

JF - Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment

SN - 0740-5472

IS - 2

ER -