A comprehensive review of health benefits of qigong and tai chi.

Roger Jahnke, Linda Larkey, Carol Rogers, Jennifer Etnier, Fang Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

205 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Research examining psychological and physiological benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi is growing rapidly. The many practices described as Qigong or Tai Chi have similar theoretical roots, proposed mechanisms of action, and expected benefits. Research trials and reviews, however, treat them as separate targets of examination. This review examines the evidence for achieving outcomes from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of both. DATA SOURCES: The key words Tai Chi, Taiji, Tai Chi Chuan, and Qigong were entered into electronic search engines for the Cumulative Index for Allied Health and Nursing (CINAHL), psychological literature (PsycINFO), PubMed, Cochrane database, and Google Scholar. STUDY INCLUSION CRITERIA: RCTs reporting on the results of Qigong or Tai Chi interventions and published in peer-reviewed journals from 1993 to 2007. DATA EXTRACTION: Country, type and duration of activity, number/type of subjects, control conditions, and reported outcomes were recorded for each study. SYNTHESIS: Outcomes related to Qigong and Tai Chi practice were identified and evaluated. RESULTS: Seventy-seven articles met the inclusion criteria. The nine outcome category groupings that emerged were bone density (n = 4), cardiopulmonary effects (n = 19), physical function (n = 16), falls and related risk factors (n = 23), quality of life (n = 17), self-efficacy (n = 8), patient-reported outcomes (n = 13), psychological symptoms (n = 27), and immune function (n = 6). CONCLUSIONS: Research has demonstrated consistent, significant results for a number of health benefits in RCTs, evidencing progress toward recognizing the similarity and equivalence of Qigong and Tai Chi.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican journal of health promotion : AJHP
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010

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Qigong
Tai Ji
Insurance Benefits
health
search engine
Randomized Controlled Trials
Psychology
equivalence
grouping
self-efficacy
quality of life
nursing
inclusion
Research
electronics
Search Engine
examination
Self Efficacy
PubMed
Bone Density

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

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A comprehensive review of health benefits of qigong and tai chi. / Jahnke, Roger; Larkey, Linda; Rogers, Carol; Etnier, Jennifer; Lin, Fang.

In: American journal of health promotion : AJHP, Vol. 24, No. 6, 07.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jahnke, Roger ; Larkey, Linda ; Rogers, Carol ; Etnier, Jennifer ; Lin, Fang. / A comprehensive review of health benefits of qigong and tai chi. In: American journal of health promotion : AJHP. 2010 ; Vol. 24, No. 6.
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