A comparison of pilot-scale photocatalysis and enhanced coagulation for disinfection byproduct mitigation

Daniel Gerrity, Brooke Mayer, Hodon Ryu, John Crittenden, Morteza Abbaszadegan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


This study evaluated pilot-scale photocatalysis and enhanced coagulation for their ability to remove or destroy disinfection byproduct (DBP) precursors, trihalomethane (THM) formation potential (FP), and THMs in two Arizona surface waters. Limited photocatalysis (<5 kWh/m3) achieved reductions in most of the DBP precursor parameters (e.g., DOC, UV254, and bromide) but led to increased chlorine demand and THMFP. In contrast, enhanced coagulation achieved reductions in the DBP precursors and THMFP. Extended photocatalysis (<320 kWh/m3) decreased THMFP once the energy consumption exceeded 20 kWh/m3. The photocatalytic energy requirements for THM destruction were considerably lower (EEO = 20-60 kWh/m3) than when focusing on precursor destruction and THMFP. However, rechlorination increased the total THM (TTHM) concentration well beyond the raw value, thereby negating the energy benefits of this application. Enhanced coagulation achieved consistent 20-30% removals of preformed THMs. Outstanding issues need to be addressed before TiO2 photocatalysis is considered feasible for DBP mitigation; traditional strategies, including enhanced coagulation, may be more appropriate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1597-1610
Number of pages14
JournalWater Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Apr 2009


  • Advanced oxidation
  • Disinfection byproduct
  • Enhanced coagulation
  • Photocatalysis
  • Trihalomethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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