A comparative study of the chemical analysis of ribs and femurs in woodland populations

Joseph B. Lambert, Sharon M. Vlasak, Anne C. Thometz, Jane E. Buikstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Parallel chemical analyses of ribs and femurs from the Middle Woodland Gibson site and the Late Woodland Ledders site show that the elements most closely related to diet (strontium, zinc, magnesium) are found in identical proportions in the two bones. Elements associated with soil contamination (iron, aluminum, potassium, manganese) are found in a significantly higher proportion in the rib. The major elements calcium and sodium are found in lower levels in the ribs. Thus the rib is more sensitive to diagenetic processes that alter elemental proportions than is the femur. Conclusions concerning subgroupings by sex or site, derived from the diet‐related elements (Sr, Zn, Mg), were found to be essentially the same for the rib and the femur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-294
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of physical anthropology
Volume59
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1982
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atomic absorption
  • Gibson site
  • Ledders site
  • Magnesium
  • Strontium
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Anthropology

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