Adsorptive removal of aromatic compounds from aqueous solutions by polymeric adsorbents has attracted many concerns in recent years. A comparative adsorption study including equilibria, kinetics and column dynamics of β-naphthol from aqueous solutions was carried out using two hypercrosslinked polymeric adsorbents (HJ-1 and TEPA) we developed and two commercial polymeric adsorbents (XAD-4 and XAD-7). The adsorption isotherms could be well described by the Freundlich equation, and the adsorption equilibrium capacities of β-naphthol followed an order of q e(TEPA)>q e(HJ-1)>q e(XAD-4)>q e(XAD-7). The isosteric adsorption enthalpies on HJ-1 and TEPA decreased with increasing adsorption fractional loading, while a constant enthalpy was observed for XAD-4 and XAD-7, implying that HJ-1 and TEPA had a heterogeneous surface while XAD-4 and XAD-7 possessed a homogenous surface. The surface energetic heterogeneity of HJ-1 and TEPA could be well characterized by the Do's model. The adsorption kinetics were fitted by both pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order rate equations, and the intra-particle diffusion was found to be the rate-limiting step. The adsorption breakthrough data were well correlated by the Thomas and Clark models, and the dynamic capacities for TEPA, HJ-1, XAD-4 and XAD-7 adsorbents were calculated to be 341.7, 321.6, 268.0 and 173.8mg/g dry resin, which were within 90% of the corresponding equilibrium capacities obtained in the batch experiments.
- Column dynamics
- Isosteric adsorption enthalpy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry