Viruses in the family Circoviridae have small circular single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) genomes. Circoviruses are known to infect a wide variety of animals, with notable disease pathology in psittacine (psittacine beak and feather disease) and porcine (postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome) species. There is still a dearth of research investigating circoviruses associated with felid species. In six fecal samples collected from bobcats (Lynx rufus) in California from 2010 to 2011, we identified six viruses belonging to the genera Circovirus (n = 1) and Cyclovirus (n = 5), using a high-throughput-sequencing-based approach. Of these, the virus in the genus Circovirus represents a new species, as it shares only 54-60% genome-wide sequence identity with the other members of this genus. The five viruses in the genus Cyclovirus represent three new species, sharing <73% genome-wide sequence identity with all other cycloviruses. Three of the cycloviruses belong to a single putative species and were obtained from the feces of three individual bobcats, sharing 95.7-99.9% sequence identity, whereas the other two unique cycloviruses were identified in a single fecal sample. At present, it is unknown whether the identified viruses infect bobcats, their prey, or their gut parasites.
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