A new, low-loss, auxiliary zero voltage transition (ZVT) circuit for a boost-based power factor correction (PFC) circuit is proposed for a battery charger application in an electric vehicle. The auxiliary circuit comprises of a resonant inductor, an auxiliary MOSFET and a diode. This inductor resonates with the capacitances of the main MOSFET and main diode during the turn-on transition to achieve zero voltage switching, while the auxiliary MOSFET itself turns off with zero current switching. The conduction time of the auxiliary circuit is very small compared to the switching period of the main boost converter, and hence it processes only a small fraction of the output power. A discharge mechanism comprising of a capacitor and low-frequency diode helps transfer the energy processed in the auxiliary circuit to the output. The proposed ZVT circuit has no effect on the control scheme of the main PFC, and is easy to implement with a digital processor. The operating principles, waveforms in different intervals and the design of the auxiliary ZVT circuit are presented in detail. The analysis and performance of PFC with ZVT circuit and its benefits are validated through extensive simulation and experimental results from a 3.3kW/500 kHz hardware prototype.
- Power factor correction
- Zero current switching
- Zero voltage switching
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering