A fully integrated digital low-dropout regulator (DLDO) with a fast transient response, providing a regulated supply for system-on-chip (SoC) power management applications is proposed. Wideband operation and fast transient response are achieved through a transient enhanced proportional-integral controller, without compromising the stability of the DLDO at steady-state operation. The transient enhancement stage boosts loop-gain dynamically during load transients. In the gain boosting mode, the DLDO closed-loop bandwidth is increased, resulting in reduced undershoot/overshoot and fast settling. When the output voltage recovers to the desired level, the boost mode operation is disabled. For a load change with a 4-mA/ns slew rate between 10 and 50 mA, utilizing transient enhancement mode reduced the measured undershoot and overshoot by 35% and 17%, respectively. The characterization results show that the transient enhancement mode can reduce the settling time from 500 to 250 ns for a 10-50-mA load current change. The proposed DLDO operates with an input voltage ranging from 0.84 to 1.24 V, and output voltage ranging from 0.6 to 1 V. The maximum output current of the DLDO is 50 mA and the DLDO achieves a peak current efficiency of 99.2%, with DLDO figure of merit (FOM₂) of 63.25 ps. The DLDO prototype chip is fabricated on a 0.13-μm CMOS technology and occupies a 0.0631-mm² die area.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - Mar 29 2017|