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2011
3 Citations (Scopus)

The writing-Pal: Natural language algorithms to support intelligent tutoring on writing strategies

McNamara, D., Raine, R., Roscoe, R., Crossley, S. A., Jackson, G. T., Dai, J., Cai, Z., Renner, A., Brandon, R., Weston, J. L., Dempsey, K., Carney, D., Sullivan, S., Kim, L., Rus, V., Floyd, R., McCarthy, P. M. & Graesser, A. C., 2011, Applied Natural Language Processing: Identification, Investigation and Resolution. IGI Global, p. 297-310 14 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Students
Intelligent systems
Feedback
22 Citations (Scopus)

Translating advances in reading comprehension research to educational practice

McNamara, D. & Kendeou, P., Oct 2011, In : International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education. 4, 1, p. 33-46 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

educational practice
comprehension
student
educator
interaction
40 Citations (Scopus)
Linguistics
rating
expert
linguistics
language
7 Citations (Scopus)

Using LIWC and Coh-Metrix to investigate gender differences in linguistic styles

Bell, C. M., McCarthy, P. M. & McNamara, D., 2011, Applied Natural Language Processing: Identification, Investigation and Resolution. IGI Global, p. 545-556 12 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Linguistics
Semantics
Computational linguistics
Syntactics
11 Citations (Scopus)

Visualizing topic flow in students' essays

O'Rourke, S. T., Calvo, R. A. & McNamara, D., 2011, In : Educational Technology and Society. 14, 3, p. 4-15 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Visualization
Students
visualization
student
Semantics
34 Citations (Scopus)

What is lexical proficiency? Some answers from computational models of speech data

Crossley, S. A., Salsbury, T., McNamara, D. & Jarvis, S., Mar 2011, In : TESOL Quarterly. 45, 1, p. 182-193 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Computational Model
Lexical Proficiency
2012
3 Citations (Scopus)

A comparison of gains between educational games and a traditional ITS

Jackson, G. T., Boonthum-Denecke, C. & McNamara, D., 2012, Proceedings of the 25th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, FLAIRS-25. p. 444-449 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Intelligent systems
Students

A linguistic analysis of expert-generated paraphrases

Brandon, R. D., Crossley, S. A. & McNamara, D., 2012, Proceedings of the 25th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, FLAIRS-25. p. 268-271 4 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Syntactics
Linguistics
Learning algorithms
Learning systems
205 Citations (Scopus)

Automated evaluation of text and discourse with Coh-Metrix

McNamara, D., Graesser, A. C., McCarthy, P. M. & Cai, Z., Jan 1 2012, Cambridge University Press. 278 p.

Research output: Book/ReportBook

Language
Cognitive Science
Linguistics
Research
Education
7 Citations (Scopus)

Changing how students process and comprehend texts with computer-based self-explanation training

Kurby, C., Magliano, J., Dandotkar, S., Woehrle, J., Gilliam, S. & McNamara, D., Jan 1 2012, In : Journal of Educational Computing Research. 47, 4, p. 429-459 31 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Students
student
comprehension
Teaching
Experiments
15 Citations (Scopus)

Comprehension skill, inference making, and the role of knowledge

McNamara, D., Oreilly, T. & De Vega, M., Jan 1 2012, Higher Level Language Processes in the Brain: Inference and Comprehension Processes. Taylor and Francis, p. 233-254 22 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

10 Citations (Scopus)

Computer-based scaffolding to facilitate students' development of expertise in academic writing

Proske, A., Narciss, S. & McNamara, D., May 2012, In : Journal of Research in Reading. 35, 2, p. 136-152 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

expertise
Students
student
expert
Group
6 Citations (Scopus)

Detecting the first language of second language writers using automated indices of cohesion, lexical sophistication, syntactic complexity and conceptual knowledge

Crossley, S. A. & McNamara, D., Jan 1 2012, Approaching Language Transfer Through Text Classification: Explorations in the Detection-Based Approach. Channel View Publications, p. 106-126 21 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

writer
language
Writer
Conceptual Knowledge
Language
8 Citations (Scopus)

Developing pedagogically-guided threshold algorithms for intelligent automated essay feedback

Roscoe, R., Kugler, D., Crossley, S. A., Weston, J. L. & McNamara, D., 2012, Proceedings of the 25th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, FLAIRS-25. p. 466-471 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Feedback
6 Citations (Scopus)

Inference generation and cohesion in the construction ofsituation models: Some connections with computational linguistics

Graesser, A. C., Louwerse, M. M., McNamara, D., Zhiqiang Cai, A. O. & Mitchell, H. H., Jan 1 2012, Higher Level Language Processes in the Brain: Inference and Comprehension Processes. Taylor and Francis, p. 289-310 22 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Linguistics
58 Citations (Scopus)

Predicting second language writing proficiency: The roles of cohesion and linguistic sophistication

Crossley, S. A. & McNamara, D., May 2012, In : Journal of Research in Reading. 35, 2, p. 115-135 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Linguistics
Language
linguistics
language
Teaching
38 Citations (Scopus)

Predicting the proficiency level of language learners using lexical indices

Crossley, S. A., Salsbury, T. & McNamara, D., Apr 2012, In : Language Testing. 29, 2, p. 243-263 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

language
grouping
writer
semantics
Proficiency
13 Citations (Scopus)

Syntagmatic, paradigmatic, and automatic N-gram approaches to assessing essay quality

Crossley, S. A., Cai, Z. & McNamara, D., 2012, Proceedings of the 25th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference, FLAIRS-25. p. 214-219 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Regression analysis
17 Citations (Scopus)

Text simplification and comprehensible input: A case for an intuitive approach

Crossley, S. A., Allen, D. & McNamara, D., Jan 2012, In : Language Teaching Research. 16, 1, p. 89-108 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

linguistics
Simplification
Comprehensible Input
news
Linguistic Features
1 Citation (Scopus)

The comparative and combined contributions of n-Grams, coh-metrix indices and error types in the L1 classification of learner texts

Jarvis, S., Bestgen, Y., Crossley, S. A., Granger, S., Paquot, M., Thewissen, J. & McNamara, D., Jan 1 2012, Approaching Language Transfer Through Text Classification: Explorations in the Detection-Based Approach. Channel View Publications, p. 154-177 24 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

N-gram
9 Citations (Scopus)

The effect of metacomprehension judgment task on comprehension monitoring and metacognitive accuracy

Ozuru, Y., Kurby, C. A. & McNamara, D., Aug 2012, In : Metacognition and Learning. 7, 2, p. 113-131 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

comprehension
monitoring
ability
brain
experiment
2013
20 Citations (Scopus)

Applications of text analysis tools for spoken response grading

Crossley, S. & McNamara, D., Jun 2013, In : Language Learning and Technology. 17, 2, p. 171-192 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

text analysis
grading
speaking
rating
Linear regression
1 Citation (Scopus)

Are you committed? Investigating interactions among reading commitment, natural language input, and students' learning outcomes

Varner, L. K., Jackson, G. T., Snow, E. L. & McNamara, D., Jan 1 2013, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013. D'Mello, S. K., Calvo, R. A. & Olney, A. (eds.). International Educational Data Mining Society, (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Students
Linguistics
Intelligent systems
3 Citations (Scopus)

Cohesion-based prompt effects in argumentative writing

Crossley, S. A., Varner, L. K. & McNamara, D., 2013, FLAIRS 2013 - Proceedings of the 26th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference. p. 202-207 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Syntactics
Students
Linguistics
18 Citations (Scopus)

Comparing comprehension measured by multiple-choice and open-ended questions

Ozuru, Y., Briner, S., Kurby, C. A. & McNamara, D., Sep 2013, In : Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. 67, 3, p. 215-227 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reading
17 Citations (Scopus)

Comparing count-based and band-based indices of word frequency: Implications for active vocabulary research and pedagogical applications

Crossley, S. A., Cobb, T. & McNamara, D., Dec 2013, In : System. 41, 4, p. 965-981 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

vocabulary
Active Vocabulary
Word Frequency
language
learning
2 Citations (Scopus)

Does size matter? Investigating user input at a larger bandwidth

Varner, L. K., Jackson, G. T., Snow, E. L. & McNamara, D., 2013, FLAIRS 2013 - Proceedings of the 26th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference. p. 546-549 4 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Students
Bandwidth
Linguistics
Intelligent systems
5 Citations (Scopus)

Educational game enjoyment, perceptions, and features in an intelligent writing tutor

Roscoe, R., Snow, E. L., Brandon, R. D. & McNamara, D., 2013, FLAIRS 2013 - Proceedings of the 26th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference. p. 515-520 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Students
Intelligent systems
16 Citations (Scopus)
teacher
student
linguistics
Textual Analysis
teacher rating
3 Citations (Scopus)

Expectations of technology: A factor to consider in game-based learning environments

Snow, E. L., Jackson, G. T., Varner, L. K. & McNamara, D., 2013, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 7926 LNAI. p. 359-368 10 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 7926 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Game-based Learning
Learning Environment
Students
Game
Adaptive Systems
7 Citations (Scopus)

Feedback and revising in an intelligent tutoring system for writing strategies

Roscoe, R., Snow, E. L. & McNamara, D., 2013, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 7926 LNAI. p. 259-268 10 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 7926 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Intelligent Tutoring Systems
Intelligent systems
Students
Feedback
Recommendations
15 Citations (Scopus)

Game-based writing strategy practice with the writing pal

Roscoe, R., Brandon, R. D., Snow, E. L. & McNamara, D., Jul 31 2013, Exploring Technology for Writing and Writing Instruction. IGI Global, p. 1-20 20 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

student
adolescent
school
performance
Values
1 Citation (Scopus)

Game performance as a measure of comprehension and skill transfer

Jackson, G. T., Snow, E. L., Varner, L. K. & McNamara, D., 2013, FLAIRS 2013 - Proceedings of the 26th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference. p. 497-502 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Intelligent systems
Students
Hybrid systems
4 Citations (Scopus)

Investigating the effects of off-task personalization on in-system performance and attitudes within a game-based environment

Snow, E. L., Jackson, G. T., Varner, L. K. & McNamara, D., Jan 1 2013, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013. D'Mello, S. K., Calvo, R. A. & Olney, A. (eds.). International Educational Data Mining Society, (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Students
Control systems
1 Citation (Scopus)

Linguistic content analysis as a tool for improving adaptive instruction

Varner, L. K., Jackson, G. T., Snow, E. L. & McNamara, D., 2013, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 7926 LNAI. p. 692-695 4 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 7926 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Content Analysis
Linguistics
Intelligent systems
Students
Intelligent Tutoring Systems
74 Citations (Scopus)

Motivation and performance in a game-based intelligent tutoring system

Jackson, G. T. & McNamara, D., Nov 2013, In : Journal of Educational Psychology. 105, 4, p. 1036-1049 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Motivation
Learning
Students
performance
learning environment
59 Citations (Scopus)

Natural language processing in an intelligent writing strategy tutoring system

McNamara, D., Crossley, S. A. & Roscoe, R., Jun 2013, In : Behavior Research Methods. 45, 2, p. 499-515 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Natural Language Processing
Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Reading
Communication
4 Citations (Scopus)

Paragraph specific n-gram approaches to automatically assessing essay quality

Crossley, S., DeFore, C., Kyle, K., Dai, J. & McNamara, D., Jan 1 2013, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013. D'Mello, S. K., Calvo, R. A. & Olney, A. (eds.). International Educational Data Mining Society, (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Syntactics
Students
Testing
45 Citations (Scopus)

Predicting human judgments of essay quality in both integrated and independent second language writing samples: A comparison study

Guo, L., Crossley, S. A. & McNamara, D., Jul 2013, In : Assessing Writing. 18, 3, p. 218-238 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

language
linguistics
Second Language Writing
foreign language
Linguistic Features
9 Citations (Scopus)

Students’ walk through tutoring: Using a random walk analysis to profile students

Snow, E. L., Likens, A. D., Tanner Jackson, G. & McNamara, D., Jan 1 2013, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013. D'Mello, S. K., Calvo, R. A. & Olney, A. (eds.). International Educational Data Mining Society, (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Students
Intelligent systems
Visualization
Trajectories
11 Citations (Scopus)

The epistemic stance between the author and reader: A driving force in the cohesion of text and writing

McNamara, D., Oct 2013, In : Discourse Studies. 15, 5, p. 579-595 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cues
writer
comprehension
Stance
Reader
3 Citations (Scopus)

The impact of performance orientation on students' interactions and achievements in an ITS

Snow, E. L., Jackson, G. T., Varner, L. K. & McNamara, D., 2013, FLAIRS 2013 - Proceedings of the 26th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference. p. 521-526 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Intelligent systems
Students
4 Citations (Scopus)

The Impact of System Interactions on Motivation and Performance in a Game-Based Learning Environment

Snow, E. L., Jackson, G. T., Varner, L. K. & McNamara, D., 2013, Communications in Computer and Information Science. PART II ed. Vol. 374. p. 103-107 5 p. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 374, no. PART II).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Students
17 Citations (Scopus)

The nature of mind wandering during reading varies with the cognitive control demands of the reading strategy

Moss, J., Schunn, C. D., Schneider, W. & McNamara, D., Nov 20 2013, In : Brain Research. 1539, p. 48-60 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Reading
Brain
Neuroimaging
Learning
10 Citations (Scopus)

The writing-pal: Natural language algorithms to support intelligent tutoring on writing strategies

McNamara, D., Raine, R., Roscoe, R., Crossley, S. A., Jackson, G. T., Dai, J., Cai, Z., Renner, A., Brandon, R., Weston, J. L., Dempsey, K., Carney, D., Sullivan, S., Kim, L., Rus, V., Floyd, R., McCarthy, P. M. & Graesser, A. C., Sep 30 2013, K-12 Education: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications. IGI Global, Vol. 2. p. 780-793 14 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

student
language
instruction
school
14 Citations (Scopus)

Using automated indices of cohesion to evaluate an intelligent tutoring system and an automated writing evaluation system

Crossley, S. A., Varner, L. K., Roscoe, R. & McNamara, D., 2013, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). Vol. 7926 LNAI. p. 269-278 10 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 7926 LNAI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Intelligent Tutoring Systems
Cohesion
Intelligent systems
Students
Evaluate
22 Citations (Scopus)

Using automatic scoring models to detect changes in student writing in an intelligent tutoring system

Crossley, S. A., Roscoe, R. & McNamara, D., 2013, FLAIRS 2013 - Proceedings of the 26th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference. p. 208-213 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Intelligent systems
Linguistics
Students
Syntactics

Using multi-level models to assess data from an intelligent tutoring system

Weston, J. L. & McNamara, D., Jan 1 2013, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013. D'Mello, S. K., Calvo, R. A. & Olney, A. (eds.). International Educational Data Mining Society, (Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Data Mining, EDM 2013).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Intelligent systems
66 Citations (Scopus)
tutor
classroom
school
Students
student
2014
22 Citations (Scopus)

Analyzing Discourse Processing Using a Simple Natural Language Processing Tool

Crossley, S. A., Allen, L. K., Kyle, K. & McNamara, D., 2014, In : Discourse Processes. 51, 5-6, p. 511-534 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

discourse
Processing
language
text analysis
comprehension