2,3-Dimethyl-5-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine, a trail pheromone component of Eutetramorium mocquerysi Emery (1899) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

J. Tentschert, H. J. Bestmann, Berthold Hoelldobler, J. Heinze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ant Eutetramorium mocquerysi (Myrmicinae) is endemic to the island of Madagascar. During foraging and nest emigration the ants lay recruitment trails with secretions from the poison gland. We identified three pyrazine compounds in the poison gland secretion: 2,3-dimethyl-5-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine 1, 2,3-dimethyl-5-(3-methylbutyl)pyrazine 3, 2,3-dimethyl-5-(2-methylbutyl)pyrazine 4. Only the first component elicited trail-following behavior in the ants. We were unable to investigate whether the other pyrazine components have a synergistic function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-380
Number of pages4
JournalNaturwissenschaften
Volume87
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

trail pheromones
Pyrazines
pyrazines
Hymenoptera
Pheromones
pheromone
ant
Ants
Formicidae
secretion
Poisons
emigration
Madagascar
Emigration and Immigration
nest
ant nests
Islands
2,3-dimethyl-5-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine
foraging
poison

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Ecology

Cite this

2,3-Dimethyl-5-(2-methylpropyl)pyrazine, a trail pheromone component of Eutetramorium mocquerysi Emery (1899) (Hymenoptera : Formicidae). / Tentschert, J.; Bestmann, H. J.; Hoelldobler, Berthold; Heinze, J.

In: Naturwissenschaften, Vol. 87, No. 8, 2000, p. 377-380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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