### Abstract

The primary low-frequency noise in superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) at low temperature is flux noise with a power spectral density of the form S( f)α1/fαwithα≈ 1. Experiments show this noise is due to independent clusters of interacting spins at the metalinsulator interface of the Josephson junction. The temperature dependences of the amplitude and the spectral exponent α are such that the noise spectra S( f) of devices taken at different temperatures cross each other at a common crossing frequency fc, so that S(fc) is constant over a wide range of temperatures. Presented here are Monte Carlo simulations of a Heisenberg spin model modified with a type of dynamic constraint that depends on the configurational entropy of clusters of spins. The constraint arises from assuming that coupling between clusters of spins and the thermal reservoir is mediated by a local bath. Noise in the alignment of this model shows similarities to the temperaturedependent flux noise of SQUIDs, reproducing the relationship between α and the amplitude that leads to the existence of a crossing frequency fc of spectra at different temperatures.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Article number | 103206 |

Journal | Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment |

Volume | 2018 |

Issue number | 10 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Oct 23 2018 |

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### Keywords

- aging
- fluctuation phenomena
- glassy dynamics
- mesoscopic systems
- noise models
- slow relaxation

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty

### Cite this

**1/f noise from a finite entropy bath : Comparison with flux noise in SQUIDs.** / Davis, Bryce F.; Chamberlin, Ralph.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment*, vol. 2018, no. 10, 103206. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-5468/aae2df

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - 1/f noise from a finite entropy bath

T2 - Comparison with flux noise in SQUIDs

AU - Davis, Bryce F.

AU - Chamberlin, Ralph

PY - 2018/10/23

Y1 - 2018/10/23

N2 - The primary low-frequency noise in superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) at low temperature is flux noise with a power spectral density of the form S( f)α1/fαwithα≈ 1. Experiments show this noise is due to independent clusters of interacting spins at the metalinsulator interface of the Josephson junction. The temperature dependences of the amplitude and the spectral exponent α are such that the noise spectra S( f) of devices taken at different temperatures cross each other at a common crossing frequency fc, so that S(fc) is constant over a wide range of temperatures. Presented here are Monte Carlo simulations of a Heisenberg spin model modified with a type of dynamic constraint that depends on the configurational entropy of clusters of spins. The constraint arises from assuming that coupling between clusters of spins and the thermal reservoir is mediated by a local bath. Noise in the alignment of this model shows similarities to the temperaturedependent flux noise of SQUIDs, reproducing the relationship between α and the amplitude that leads to the existence of a crossing frequency fc of spectra at different temperatures.

AB - The primary low-frequency noise in superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) at low temperature is flux noise with a power spectral density of the form S( f)α1/fαwithα≈ 1. Experiments show this noise is due to independent clusters of interacting spins at the metalinsulator interface of the Josephson junction. The temperature dependences of the amplitude and the spectral exponent α are such that the noise spectra S( f) of devices taken at different temperatures cross each other at a common crossing frequency fc, so that S(fc) is constant over a wide range of temperatures. Presented here are Monte Carlo simulations of a Heisenberg spin model modified with a type of dynamic constraint that depends on the configurational entropy of clusters of spins. The constraint arises from assuming that coupling between clusters of spins and the thermal reservoir is mediated by a local bath. Noise in the alignment of this model shows similarities to the temperaturedependent flux noise of SQUIDs, reproducing the relationship between α and the amplitude that leads to the existence of a crossing frequency fc of spectra at different temperatures.

KW - aging

KW - fluctuation phenomena

KW - glassy dynamics

KW - mesoscopic systems

KW - noise models

KW - slow relaxation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056113438&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85056113438&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1742-5468/aae2df

DO - 10.1088/1742-5468/aae2df

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85056113438

VL - 2018

JO - Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment

JF - Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment

SN - 1742-5468

IS - 10

M1 - 103206

ER -