1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 down-regulation of PHEX gene expression is mediated by apparent repression of a 110 kDa transfactor that binds to a polyadenine element in the promoter

Eric R. Hines, Olga I. Kolek, Marci D. Jones, Samantha H. Serey, Nafisseh B. Sirjani, Pawel R. Kiela, Peter Jurutka, Mark R. Haussler, James F. Collins, Fayez K. Ghishan

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30 Scopus citations


The PHEX gene encodes an endopeptidase expressed in osteoblasts that inactivates an uncharacterized peptide hormone, phosphatonin, which, suppresses bone mineralization as well as renal phosphate reabsorption and vitamin D bioactivation. We demonstrate that 1α-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), the active renal vitamin D metabolite, decreases PHEX mRNA in the rat osteoblastic cell line, UMR-106, as well as in mouse calvaria. Promoter/reporter construct analysis of the murine PHEX gene in transfected UMR-106 cells localized the repressive effect of 1,25(OH) 2D3 to the -133 to -74 bp region, and gel mobility shift experiments revealed that 1,25(OH)2D3 treatment of the cells diminished the binding of a nuclear protein(s) to a stretch of 17 adenines from bp -116 to -100 in the proximal PHEX promoter. Either overexpression of a dominant-negative vitamin D receptor (VDR) or deletion of this sequence of 17 A-T base pairs abolished the repressive effect of 1,25(OH)2D 3 by attenuating basal promoter activity, indicating that this region mediates the 1,25(OH)2D3 response and is involved in basal transcription. Southwestern blot analysis and DNA affinity purification show that an unidentified 110 kDa nuclear protein binds to the poly(A) element. Because 1,25(OH)2D3-liganded VDR neither binds to the polyadenine region of the PHEX promoter nor directly influences the association of the 110 kDa transfactor, we conclude that 1,25(OH)2D3 indirectly decreases PHEX expression via VDR-mediated repression (or modification) of this novel transactivator. Thus, we have identified a cis-element required for PHEX gene transcription that participates in negative feedback control of PHEX expression and thereby modulates the actions of phosphatonin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46406-46414
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number45
StatePublished - Nov 5 2004


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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