The Caregiving Trajectory for Community-Dwelling Mexican-American Elders

Project: Research project

Description

It is estimated that there are over 42 million Hispanics in the U.S. and the cohort over age 65 is expected to grow faster than any other racial or ethnic group, tripling in number by 2050. Thirteen percent of Hispanic households currently provide care to an adult aged 50 or older whose life expectancy will increase to 87 years by 2050, surpassing all other ethnic groups. Given this dramatic shift in demographics, a burgeoning number of Hispanic families will be placed in a caregiving role. As a result, research to address caregiver burden in Hispanic populations and prevent institutionalization is critical. The purpose of this proposed study is to investigate the burden of caregiving in this at-risk population by describing the level, circumstances, and consequences of caregiver burden/strain, and determining the impact of cultural and contextual variables on caregiving and caregiver gain, along with factors that lead to nursing home admission. This proposed project is a longitudinal descriptive study designed to explore the natural course of caregiving, caregiving burden and strain, caregiver gain, and admission to nursing homes among Mexican- American families. Eighty caregiver-care recipient dyads will be enrolled and followed for 15 months. Interviews and standardized questionnaires will be completed at baseline and every 10 weeks, with an additional measurement point if nursing home admission occurs. A mixed methods case-based research strategy will be used in which quantitative, variable-driven analyses and narrative, qualitative inquiry inform one another. We will compare and contrast transitions and turning points in the caregiving trajectory (taking into account acculturation, the nature of the caregiver-care recipient relationship, gender, functional and cognitive status, and depression); identify factors that support caregiving; and determine what factors are most important in delaying institutionalization. This systematic research of the caregiving trajectory should prove useful in designing interventions that are timed to occur simultaneously with known crisis points and help keep elders at home or to help families acknowledge when formal nursing home care should be sought.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/086/30/13

Funding

  • HHS: National Institutes of Health (NIH): $1,950,359.00

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Independent Living
Caregivers
Nursing Homes
Hispanic Americans
Institutionalization
Ethnic Groups
Research
Acculturation
Home Care Services
Nursing Care
Life Expectancy
Longitudinal Studies
Demography
Interviews
Depression
Population