In Situ Single Cell Laser Lysis and Downstream qRT-PCR Profiling

Project: Research project

Description

Current RT-PCR analysis of single-cells has been strictly limited to analysis of disassociated cells, preventing its compatibility with in-situ analysis of cell states and loses information of initial cell location and morphology within the native tissue. We propose to develop an innovative microfluidic based tool for clinical and scientific users to analyze gene expression heterogeneity, in situ, using single-cell mRNA expression analysis. The device uses a two-photon laser to serially lyse individual cells at known coordinates within a 3D tissue. Differing from conventional single-photon laser lysis, two-photon laser lysis relies on the nonlinear interaction between an ultrafast pulsed light source and the biological material to achieve an energy transfer to the cell precisely within the nanometer-scale focal volume. The lysate is immediately transported to an emulsion-based (oil-droplet) qRT-PCR module to profile mRNA expression. Carryover contamination between sequentially lysed cells is minimized by optimizing laser power and by using hydrodynamic flow focusing with precise flow rate control. Because of the small scale of the microfluidic channels, the total volume flux for sample processing is reduced to microliters, the elapsed time interval between cell lysing and lysate encapsulation is on the order of seconds, and completion of qRT-PCR is on the order of one hour. This technology is well suited to basic biomedical research and clinical applications such as assessing tumor cell population heterogeneity in single-cell gene expression. Additionally, the technology is also amenable to future developments to increase the number of genes that can be quantified. The ultimate implementation would be a highly multiplexed platform capable of detecting dozens of mRNA sequences for each initial droplet eluted from the sample.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/26/128/31/15

Funding

  • HHS-NIH: National Cancer Institute (NCI): $420,850.00

Fingerprint

Photons
Lasers
Microfluidics
Gene expression
Tissue
Encapsulation
Biological materials
Energy transfer
Emulsions
Light sources
Tumors
Contamination
Hydrodynamics
Genes
Cells
Flow rate
Fluxes
Processing
Messenger RNA
Oils