Faunal Resource Depression and Intensification in the North American Southwest: Digital Data and Regional Synthesis

Project: Research project

Description

Theproposedprojectwillusearecentlydevelopeddataintegrationtooltoaddressregionalscale anthropologicalresearchquestionsatadepthandbreadththathavenotthusfarbeenpossibleusing zooarchaeologicaldata.Althoughinthepastresearchershaveundertakensyntheticanalysesatregional orsubregionalscales,thesehavebeenlimitedbywhatisavailableinthepublishedliterature.For examplezooarchaeologistsroutinelycollectdatarelevanttotaphonomicprocesses,butthesedata generallyarenotreadilyaccessibleorareonlyreportedinasummaryfashion.Analysisataregional scaleshouldevaluatecomparabilityofzooarchaeologicaldataondifferentdimensionstobecertainthat thepatternsweidentifyarenotduetobiases,andtorevealpatterningthatwedidnothavetheability todetect.ItisnowpossibletodothisandinanefficientmannerduetothedevelopmentoftDAR (www.tdar.org),whichprovidesonlineaccesstolargenumbersofdatasetsandananalyticaltoolthat canaccommodatevariablesthatarenottypicallyanalyzedorpublished. TheregionalcontextinwhichwewilladdressthisissueissouthwesternU.S.InthesouthwesternU.S. althoughtherehavebeenanumberofsubregionalsyntheses(Hohokam,EMAP,MV,Chaco,etc.),we haveyettoaccomplisharegionalscalesynthesisthataddressesthisdynamicrelationship.Current understandingoftrendsinfaunalresourceavailabilityandusesuggestthatresourcedepression occurredinthecontextofaggregated,longtermoccupationofsouthwesternlandscapes,andthat intensificationintheraisingofdomesticturkeymayhavebeenoneresponsetoresourcedepression. Theproposedprojectwillevaluatetheempiricalbasisoftheseinterpretationsandseekamorefine grainedunderstandingoflongterm,socioenvironmentalinteractioninthisregion.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date5/1/124/30/15

Funding

  • NSF-ENG: Division of Biological & Critical Systems (BCS): $156,465.00

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