Economic Impact of OHV Recreation in Arizona

Project: Research project

Description

Arizona offers unique opportunities for motorized recreation. It has abundant natural resources appropriate for off-highway motorized vehicle recreation. It is one of the most popular and growing recreation activities in Arizona and takes place in public, state, and private lands. Off-highway vehicles (OHV) include a two-wheel, three-wheel or four-wheel vehicle, motorcycle, dune buggy, amphibious vehicle, ground effects or aircushion vehicle and any other type of land transportation that derives its motor power from any source but muscle or wind. Examples include ATVs, UTVs, Side by Sides, RZRs, ROVs, motorcycles, mopeds and snowmobiles. Off-Highway Vehicle trail is a multiple use path open to off-highway vehicles used for recreational purpose. OHV trails are managed by federal, state, local and/or tribal agencies as well as private organizations. They significantly contribute to the quality of life for many residents of Arizona as well as increase visitor enjoyment. The spending associated with the use of OHV trails and recreation is also important to the local economy as it generates jobs and income. Several studies report that OHV recreation produces substantial economic benefits to the communities and to the state in which the recreation activity takes place (Cordell, Betz, Green & Owens 2005; Legg, Price & Williams 2006; Otto 2008; Silberman & Andereck 2006). OHV users spend money through the purchase of food, lodging, and other travel related expenditures. The recreational equipment they use stimulates economic activity and employment. Most studies have used IMPLAN input-output model to capture the direct, indirect and induced impacts of OHV recreation to state economies (Kaliszewski 2011; Pardue & Shand 2014; Taylor, Ngler, Bastian & Foulke 2013). This particular study will measure the approximate monetary transactions that influence the incomes of local business and employment figures. Through surveys, this study examines specific expenditure allocations, and economic impacts of eight OHV trail systems in Arizona.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/167/31/18

Funding

  • Arizona State Parks Board: $99,762.00

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economic impact
recreation
motorcycle
employment figure
expenditures
income
input-output model
local economy
federal state
transaction
purchase
economics
natural resources
quality of life
money
travel
resident
food
economy