Developing principles and guidelines for local teacher-initiated adaptation in implementation of evidence-based interventions (ASUF 30006861) Theoretical Congruence and Sustainability of Local Adaptation Activities Problem Statement: The implementation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) with complete fidelity has been challenged by pervasive teacher-initiated adaptation activities. As teachers implement EBIs under real world classroom conditions, in-vivo adaptations appear necessary and can be beneficial. Conversely such adaptation activities can be detrimental, eroding established effectiveness in producing intended changes on targeted outcomes. Unfortunately the beneficial or detrimental effects of such adaptation activities have yet to be fully examined. Project: An outstanding team of scholars will conduct this study: (a) the originators of the keepin it REAL youth substance use prevention intervention, and (b) leading scholars of cultural adaptation theories, strategies and models. This study will utilize the Integrative Mixed Methods (IMM) methodology to conduct a deep-structure QUAL+QUAN analysis of local in vivo adaptation activities. Building on a prior study, teachers and principals will be re-contacted and administered an online survey and in-depth telephone interviews regarding aspect of intervention adaptation. Strategy: This study builds on a prior research by Hecht and Miller-Day, the originators of the keepin it REAL prevention intervention. In three Specific Aims, this study will: (a) examine the theoretical congruence of adaptation activities; (b) examine consistency in teachers adaptation activities and in principals systemic views of sustainability factors; and (c) develop empirically-informed Principles and Guidelines for Local Adaptation, a document of evidence-based guidelines for best practices in local adaptation of an EBI. Risks and Challenges: Major challenges include the need to conduct reliable and valid expert ratings of adaptation activities, to identify their likely beneficial or detrimental effects. Accordingly, robust methods will be used to obtain such reliable and valid ratings and to generate sound conclusions.
|Effective start/end date||11/15/15 → 5/14/18|
- Robert Wood Johnson Foundation: $278,000.00
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