Classroom Physical Activity Physical Fitness Selective Attention in Preadolescent Children

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Classroom Physical Activity Physical Fitness Selective Attention in Preadolescent Children Classroom Physical Activity, Physical Fitness, & Selective Attention in Preadolescent Children Physical activity (PA) and physical fitness (PF) have been shown to be positively related to childrens cognitive functioning. Studies that investigated classroom PA, however, have mainly focused on academic achievement, ignoring the underlying cognitive functions, which mediate effects on academic achievement. Also, no studies have explored the association between PF and selective attention. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate potential relationships between (a) a 10-minute classroom PA break and selective attention, and (b) PF and selective attention, within one sample of 4th grade students. Significance: This study will contribute to closing the abovementioned gaps in the literature on the associations of PA and PF with childrens cognition. Also, its findings can reinforce the necessity for quality Physical Education (PE) and classroom PA programs. Design& Methodology: A randomized, controlled, within-subject cross-over design will be employed; each student will receive both the control (10-minute reading session) and treatment (10-minute PA break) conditions in a randomly assigned order. Participants will be four 4th grade classes (N) from two schools from a Southwestern US school district. Students PA (steps& MVPA) during both conditions will be monitored via accelerometers and their PF will be assessed by the research team during their PE classes through Fitnessgram. Their selective attention will be assessed with the d2 test of attention, a valid and reliable test for the specific age group (Brickenkamp& Zillmer, 1998). Data Analysis Plan: A three-way Repeated Measures ANOVA analysis with one within-subjects factor (time) and two between-subjects factor (condition, condition order) will be used to test whether there is a treatment effect of the PA break on students selective attention. Regression techniques will be used to identify the fitness component(s) that best predict students baseline and post-PA break selective attention performance.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date4/19/128/31/13

Funding

  • Society of Health and Physical Educators (SHAPE): $2,833.00

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