Robert Culbertson

Assoc Professor

  • 1075 Citations
  • 18 h-Index
1977 …2020
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Research Output 1977 2019

  • 1075 Citations
  • 18 h-Index
  • 58 Article
  • 31 Conference contribution
  • 7 Conference article
  • 4 Patent
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Article
2019

Surface energy engineering for LiTaO3 and α-quartz SiO2 for low temperature (<220 °c) wafer bonding

Baker, B., Herbots, N., Whaley, S. D., Sahal, M., Kintz, J., Yano, A., Narayan, S., Brimhall, A. L., Lee, W. L., Akabane, Y. & Culbertson, R., Jul 1 2019, In : Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 37, 4, 041101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Wafer bonding
Quartz
Interfacial energy
surface energy
Thermal expansion
2018
2 Citations (Scopus)

Comparative Study of Surface Energies of Native Oxides of Si(100) and Si(111) via Three Liquid Contact Angle Analysis

Narayan, S. R., Day, J. M., Thinakaran, H. L., Herbots, N., Bertram, M. E., Cornejo, C. E., Diaz, T. C., Kavanagh, K. L., Culbertson, R., Ark, F. J., Ram, S., Mangus, M. W. & Islam, R., Jan 1 2018, In : MRS Advances. 3, 57-58, p. 3379-3390 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Interfacial energy
Oxides
surface energy
Contact angle
oxides
1 Citation (Scopus)

Measuring Surface Energies of GaAs (100) and Si (100) by Three Liquid Contact Angle Analysis (3LCAA) for Heterogeneous Nano-BondingTM

Cornejo, C. E., Bertram, M. E., Diaz, T. C., Narayan, S. R., Ram, S., Kavanagh, K. L., Herbots, N., Day, J. M., Ark, F. J., Dhamdhere, A., Culbertson, R. & Islam, R., Jan 1 2018, In : MRS Advances. 3, 57-58, p. 3403-3411 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Interfacial energy
surface energy
Contact angle
Monolayers
Etching

Determining Canine Blood and Human Blood Composition by Congealing Microliter Drops into Homogeneous Thin Solid Films (HTSFs) via HemaDrop™

Pershad, Y., Herbots, N., Day, G., Van Haren, R., Whaley, S., Martinez, A., Suhartono, S., Culbertson, R., Mangus, M. & Wilkens, B., Jan 1 2017, In : MRS Advances. 2, 45, p. 2451-2456 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

blood
Blood
Chemical analysis
Phase separation
direct broadcast satellites
11 Citations (Scopus)
backscattering
deviation
thin films
diffraction
x rays
1 Citation (Scopus)
Teaching
Students
Technical presentations
Students
Teaching
Electric network analysis
Feedback
2016
1 Citation (Scopus)

Electrolyte Detection by Ion Beam Analysis, in Continuous Glucose Sensors and in Microliters of Blood using a Homogeneous Thin Solid Film of Blood, HemaDrop™

Pershad, Y., Mascareno, A. A., Watson, M. R., Brimhall, A. L., Herbots, N., Watson, C. F., Krishnan, A., Kannan, N., Mangus, M. W., Culbertson, R., Wilkens, B. J., Culbertson, E. J., Cappello-Lee, T. & Neglia, R. A., Jan 1 2016, In : MRS Advances. 1, 29, p. 2133-2139 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glucose sensors
glucose
Ion beams
Electrolytes
blood
2 Citations (Scopus)
engineering
performance
science
Students
classroom
2012
4 Citations (Scopus)

IBMM of OH adsorbates and interphases on Si-based materials

Herbots, N., Xing, Q., Hart, M., Bradley, J. D., Sell, D. A., Culbertson, R. & Wilkens, B. J., Feb 1 2012, In : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 272, p. 330-333 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Adsorbates
Free energy
free energy
Ion beams
ion beams
2011
8 Citations (Scopus)

A graduate program for high school physics and physical science teachers

Hestenes, D., Megowan-Romanowicz, C., Osborn Popp, S. E., Jackson, J. & Culbertson, R., Aug 19 2011, In : American Journal of Physics. 79, 9, p. 971-979 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

physical sciences
instructors
physics
students
education
2010
Musical instruments
Technical writing
Education
Students
Physics
2009
Technical writing
Musical instruments
Physics
Students
Acoustic waves
14 Citations (Scopus)

Growth and structure of epitaxial CeO2 films on yttria-stabilized ZrO2

Wu, F., Pavlovska, A., Smith, D., Culbertson, R., Wilkens, B. J. & Bauer, E., Jun 2 2008, In : Thin Solid Films. 516, 15, p. 4908-4914 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yttrium oxide
Epitaxial films
electron microscopy
Low energy electron diffraction
High resolution electron microscopy
38 Citations (Scopus)

Quenched magnetic moment in Mn-doped amorphous Si films

Zeng, L., Helgren, E., Rahimi, M., Hellman, F., Islam, R., Wilkens, B. J., Culbertson, R. & Smith, D., Mar 6 2008, In : Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 77, 7, 073306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Magnetic moments
Magnetization
magnetic moments
moments
X ray absorption spectroscopy
2006
6 Citations (Scopus)

Atomic displacement free interfaces and atomic registry in SiO 2/(1×1) Si(100)

Shaw, J. M., Herbots, N., Hurst, Q. B., Bradley, D., Culbertson, R., Atluri, V. & Queeney, K. T., 2006, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 100, 10, 104109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

patents
oxide films
ion beams
disorders
oxides
2001
22 Citations (Scopus)

The formation of ordered, ultrathin SiO2/Si(1 0 0) interfaces grown on (1 × 1) Si(1 0 0)

Herbots, N., Shaw, J. M., Hurst, Q. B., Grams, M. P., Culbertson, R., Smith, D., Atluri, V., Zimmerman, P. & Queeney, K. T., Dec 19 2001, In : Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology. 87, 3, p. 303-316 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oxides
oxides
Ion beams
Reflection high energy electron diffraction
ion beams
1997
8 Citations (Scopus)

Photoluminescence in Si1-x-yGexCy alloys

Lorentzen, J. D., Loechelt, G. H., Meléndez-Lira, M., Menendez, J., Sego, S., Culbertson, R., Windl, W., Sankey, O. F., Bair, A. E. & Alford, T., May 5 1997, In : Applied Physics Letters. 70, 18, p. 2353-2355 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

photoluminescence
potential theory
carbon
shift
line shape
1996
4 Citations (Scopus)

An X-ray diffraction study of the strain and structure of SiGeC/(100) Si alloys

Bair, A. E., Alford, T., Sego, S., Atzmon, Z. & Culbertson, R., Nov 1996, In : Materials Chemistry and Physics. 46, 2-3, p. 283-287 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

X ray diffraction
diffraction
x rays
strain measurement
carbon
45 Citations (Scopus)

Carbon dependence of Raman mode frequencies in Si1-x-yGexCy alloys

Meléndez-Lira, M., Menendez, J., Windl, W., Sankey, O. F., Spencer, G. S., Sego, S., Culbertson, R., Bair, A. E. & Alford, T., Nov 1 1996, In : Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 54, 18, p. 12866-12872 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carbon
carbon
Diamond
Lattice mismatch
Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy
5 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison between predicted strain values using elastic theory and experimental strain values for SiGeC alloy films grown on Si(001)

Sego, S., Culbertson, R., Bair, A. E. & Alford, A. L., Nov 1996, In : Materials Chemistry and Physics. 46, 2-3, p. 277-282 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ions
backscattering
ions
Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy
vapor deposition
10 Citations (Scopus)

Strain measurements of SiGeC heteroepitaxial layers on Si(001) using ion beam analysis

Sego, S., Culbertson, R., Smith, D., Atzmon, Z. & Bair, A. E., Mar 1996, In : Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 14, 2, p. 441-446 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

strain measurement
Strain measurement
Ion beams
ion beams
Ions
1995

Sb ion implantation and annealing of SiGeC heteroepitaxial layers on Si(001)

Garcia, R., Daley, K. E., Culbertson, R., Culbertson, R. J. & Poker, D. B., 1995, In : Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 13, 3, p. 662-665 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ion implantation
ion implantation
Annealing
Ions
annealing
1994
15 Citations (Scopus)

Relaxation and H coverage of ammonium fluoride treated Si(111)

Copel, M., Culbertson, R. & Tromp, R. M., 1994, In : Applied Physics Letters. 65, 18, p. 2344-2346 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

fluorides
ion scattering
silicon
hydrogen
etching
1992
6 Citations (Scopus)

Structure and properties of silicon nitride and SixGe1-x nitride prepared by direct low energy ion beam nitridation

Hellman, O. C., Vancauwenberghe, O., Herbots, N., Olson, J., Culbertson, R. & Croft, W. J., Jan 20 1992, In : Materials Science and Engineering B. 12, 1-2, p. 53-59 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nitridation
Silicon nitride
silicon nitrides
Nitrides
Ion beams
1991
19 Citations (Scopus)

Ion implantation for corrosion inhibition of aluminum alloys in saline media

Williams, J. M., Gonzales, A., Quintana, J., Lee, I. S., Buchanan, R. A., Burns, F. C., Culbertson, R., Levy, M. & Treglio, J. R., Jul 1 1991, In : Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B. 59-60, PART 2, p. 845-850 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ion implantation
aluminum alloys
ion implantation
Aluminum alloys
corrosion
34 Citations (Scopus)

Performance evaluation of ion-implanted cutting tools and dies

Culbertson, R., Burns, F. C., Franzen, W., Lowder, L. J., Ricca, J. J. & Gonzales, A., May 1 1991, In : Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B. 56-57, PART 1, p. 652-655 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cutting tools
Ions
evaluation
taps
ions
1 Citation (Scopus)

Reduced hydrogen embrittlement susceptibility in platinum implanted high strength steel

Cowie, J. G., Lowder, L. J., Culbertson, R., Kosik, W. E. & Brown, R., Jul 1 1991, In : Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B. 59-60, PART 2, p. 871-874 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

hydrogen embrittlement
Hydrogen embrittlement
high strength steels
Platinum
High strength steel
1990
3 Citations (Scopus)

Magnetic and structural investigation of heat treated ion beam sputtered amorphous Co74Fe6B15Si5 films

Harris, V. G., Oliver, S. A., Nowak, W. B., Vittoria, C., Culbertson, R., Elam, W. T. & Kim, K. H., Sep 1990, In : IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. 26, 5, p. 1459-1461 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amorphous films
Ion beams
ion beams
heat
X ray absorption
1989
1 Citation (Scopus)

The role of interfacial segregation and microstructure in interdiffusion between aluminum and silicon

Eng, D. C., Herbots, N., Hellman, O. C., Vancauwenberghe, O., Motakef, S. & Culbertson, R., Nov 1989, In : Journal of Electronic Materials. 18, 6, p. 689-693 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silicon
Aluminum
sintering
Sintering
aluminum
1988
21 Citations (Scopus)

Pulsed laser deposition of thin superconducting films of Ho1 Ba2Cu3O7-x and Y1Ba2Cu3O7-x

Geohegan, D. B., Mashburn, D. N., Culbertson, R., Pennycook, S. J., Budai, J. D., Valiga, R. E., Sales, B. C., Lowndes, D. H., Boatner, L. A., Sonder, E., Eres, D., Christen, D. K. & Christie, W. H., Nov 1988, In : Journal of Materials Research. 3, 6, p. 1169-1179 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Superconducting films
superconducting films
Pulsed laser deposition
pulsed laser deposition
flux density
1986
81 Citations (Scopus)

Elemental mapping with elastically scattered electrons

Pennycook, S. J., Berger, S. D. & Culbertson, R., 1986, In : Journal of Microscopy. 144, 3, p. 229-249 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Electrons
19 Citations (Scopus)

Formation of stable dopant interstitials during ion implantation of silicon

Pennycook, S. J., Culbertson, R. & Narayan, J., 1986, In : Journal of Materials Research. 1, 3, p. 476-492 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silicon
Ion implantation
ion implantation
interstitials
Doping (additives)
4 Citations (Scopus)

Radiation damage and the capture of Si interstitials by dopant atoms during implantation

Culbertson, R. & Pennycook, S. J., Mar 1 1986, In : Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B. 13, 1-3, p. 490-494 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radiation damage
radiation damage
Ion implantation
implantation
interstitials
57 Citations (Scopus)

Subsurface strain in the Ge(001) and Ge(111) surfaces and comparison to silicon

Culbertson, R., Kuk, Y. & Feldman, L. C., Mar 1 1986, In : Surface Science. 167, 1, p. 127-140 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Silicon
silicon
Surface reconstruction
Stacking faults
crystal defects
1985
8 Citations (Scopus)

Angular symmetry of the ion scattering surface yield for large outerlayer relaxations

Culbertson, R., Barrett, J. H. & Withrow, S. P., Jul 2 1985, In : Surface Science. 157, 2-3, p. 451-458 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ion scattering
Scattering
Ions
symmetry
contraction
26 Citations (Scopus)

Ion scattering study of reconstruction in the Au(110)-(1×2) surface

Withrow, S. P., Barrett, J. H. & Culbertson, R., Oct 2 1985, In : Surface Science. 161, 2-3, p. 584-596 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ion scattering
Scattering
Ions
Backscattering
Model structures
1984
11 Citations (Scopus)

Potential and stopping power information from ion channeling in Ge

Culbertson, R., Withrow, S. P. & Barrett, J. H., 1984, In : Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B. 2, 1-3, p. 19-24 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

stopping power
Ions
Scattering
wavelengths
Wavelength
1983
stopping power
Ions
oscillations
ions
ion scattering
1981
89 Citations (Scopus)

Epitaxy of Au on Ag(111) studied by high-energy ion scattering

Culbertson, R., Feldman, L. C., Silverman, P. J. & Boehm, H., 1981, In : Physical Review Letters. 47, 9, p. 657-660 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ion scattering
epitaxy
energy
93 Citations (Scopus)

HYDROGEN ADSORPTION ON Si(110)-(7 multiplied by 7).

Culbertson, R., Feldman, L. C., Silverman, P. J. & Haight, R., Mar 1981, In : Journal of vacuum science & technology. 20, 3, p. 868-871 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Deuterium
Adsorption
Microanalysis
Monolayers
Diffraction
1980
92 Citations (Scopus)

Atomic displacements in the Si(111)-(7×7) surface

Culbertson, R., Feldman, L. C. & Silverman, P. J., 1980, In : Physical Review Letters. 45, 25, p. 2043-2046 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ion scattering
atoms
82 Citations (Scopus)

Ni on Si(111): Reactivity and interface structure

Cheung, N. W., Culbertson, R., Feldman, L. C., Silverman, P. J., West, K. W. & Mayer, J. W., 1980, In : Physical Review Letters. 45, 2, p. 120-124 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

reactivity
ambient temperature
temperature dependence
kinetics
metals
12 Citations (Scopus)

Optical emission from Ga ionization at a field emitter

Kuk, Y., Sakurai, T., Culbertson, R. & Robertson, G. H., 1980, In : Applied Physics Letters. 36, 12, p. 957-959 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

caps
gallium
light emission
emitters
ionization
10 Citations (Scopus)

Si(111): Ni SURFACES STUDIES BY AES, UPS, LEED, AND ION SCATTERING.

Chabal, Y. J., Culbertson, R., Feldman, L. C. & Rowe, J. E., Apr 1980, In : Journal of vacuum science & technology. 18, 3, p. 880-882 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Scattering
Ions
Dangling bonds
Surface states
Photoemission