(Table S1) Chronostratigraphic constrains for sediment core AND1-1B

  • M. Pompilio (Contributor)
  • D. Persico (Contributor)
  • P. Barrett (Contributor)
  • G. Dunbar (Contributor)
  • A. Läufer (Contributor)
  • W. McIntosh (Contributor)
  • F. Florindo (Contributor)
  • Linda Hinnov (Contributor)
  • M. Hannah (Contributor)
  • C. Riesselman (Contributor)
  • P. Huybers (Contributor)
  • F. Niessen (Contributor)
  • G. Browne (Contributor)
  • T. Williams (Contributor)
  • R. Morin (Contributor)
  • D. Helling (Contributor)
  • T. Paulsen (Contributor)
  • R. McKay (Contributor)
  • I. Graham (Contributor)
  • M. Taviani (Contributor)
  • T. Wilson (Contributor)
  • C. Ohneiser (Contributor)
  • D. Pollard (Contributor)
  • G. Kuhn (Contributor)
  • F. Talarico (Contributor)
  • I. Raine (Contributor)
  • Philip R. Kyle (Contributor)
  • C. Gebhardt (Contributor)
  • Jake Ross (Contributor)
  • T. Wilch (Contributor)
  • J. Reed (Contributor)
  • C. Sjunneskog (Contributor)
  • D. Schmitt (Contributor)
  • Robert M. DeConto (Contributor)
  • S. W. Vogel (Contributor)
  • S. Henrys (Contributor)
  • D. Hansaraj (Contributor)
  • K. Mandernack (Contributor)
  • Ross D. Powell (Contributor)
  • E. Cowan (Contributor)
  • Reed P. Scherer (Contributor)
  • C. Millan (Contributor)
  • P. Strong (Contributor)
  • G. Wilson (Contributor)
  • R. Cody (Contributor)
  • R. Levy (Contributor)
  • D. Winter (Contributor)
  • D. Magens (Contributor)
  • J. Crampton (Contributor)
  • D. Harwood (Contributor)
  • L. Krissek (Contributor)
  • L. Sagnotti (Contributor)
  • T. Naish (Contributor)
  • Nelia W. Dunbar (Contributor)
  • L. Carter (Contributor)
  • P. Maffioli (Contributor)



Abstract: Thirty years after oxygen isotope records from microfossils deposited in ocean sediments confirmed the hypothesis that variations in the Earth's orbital geometry control the ice ages (Hays et al., 1976, doi:10.1126/science.194.4270.1121), fundamental questions remain over the response of the Antarctic ice sheets to orbital cycles (Raymo and Huybers, 2008, doi:10.1038/nature06589). Furthermore, an understanding of the behaviour of the marine-based West Antarctic ice sheet (WAIS) during the 'warmer-than-present' early-Pliocene epoch (~5-3 Myr ago) is needed to better constrain the possible range of ice-sheet behaviour in the context of future global warming (Solomon et al., 2007). Here we present a marine glacial record from the upper 600 m of the AND-1B sediment core recovered from beneath the northwest part of the Ross ice shelf by the ANDRILL programme and demonstrate well-dated, ~40-kyr cyclic variations in ice-sheet extent linked to cycles in insolation influenced by changes in the Earth's axial tilt (obliquity) during the Pliocene. Our data provide direct evidence for orbitally induced oscillations in the WAIS, which periodically collapsed, resulting in a switch from grounded ice, or ice shelves, to open waters in the Ross embayment when planetary temperatures were up to ~3° C warmer than today ( Kim and Crowley, 2000, doi:10.1029/1999PA000459) and atmospheric CO2 concentration was as high as ~400 p.p.m.v. (van der Burgh et al., 1993, doi:10.1126/science.260.5115.1788, Raymo et al., 1996, doi:10.1016/0377-8398(95)00048-8). The evidence is consistent with a new ice-sheet/ice-shelf model (Pollard and DeConto, 2009, doi:10.1038/nature07809) that simulates fluctuations in Antarctic ice volume of up to +7 m in equivalent sea level associated with the loss of the WAIS and up to +3 m in equivalent sea level from the East Antarctic ice sheet, in response to ocean-induced melting paced by obliquity. During interglacial times, diatomaceous sediments indicate high surface-water productivity, minimal summer sea ice and air temperatures above freezing, suggesting an additional influence of surface melt (Huybers, 2006, doi:10.1126/science.1125249) under conditions of elevated CO2.

Category: geoscientificInformation

Source: Supplement to: Naish, Tim R; Powell, Ross; Levy, Richard H; Wilson, Gary S; Scherer, Reed P; Talarico, Franco M; Krissek, Lawrence A; Niessen, Frank; Pompilio, Massimo; Wilson, Terry; Carter, Lionel; DeConto, Robert M; Huybers, Peter; McKay, Robert M; Pollard, David; Ross, J; Winter, Diane M; Barrett, Peter J; Browne, G; Cody, Rosemary; Cowan, Ellen A; Crampton, James; Dunbar, Gavin B; Dunbar, Nelia W; Florindo, Fabio; Gebhardt, Catalina; Graham, I J; Hannah, Mike J; Hansaraj, D; Harwood, David M; Helling, D; Henrys, Stuart A; Hinnov, Linda A; Kuhn, Gerhard; Kyle, Philip R; Läufer, Andreas; Maffioli, P; Magens, Diana; Mandernack, Kevin W; McIntosh, W C; Millan, C; Morin, Roger H; Ohneiser, Christian; Paulsen, Timothy S; Persico, Davide; Raine, J Ian; Reed, J; Riesselman, Christina R; Sagnotti, Leonardo; Schmitt, Douglas R; Sjunneskog, Charlotte; Strong, P; Taviani, Marco; Vogel, Stefan; Wilch, T; Williams, Trevor (2009): Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations. Nature, 458(7236), 322-329, https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07867

Supplemental Information: Biostratigraphic event ages include the maximum and minimum age identified in the CONOP constrained Southern Ocean diatom biochronologic calibration of Cody et al. (2008, doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.08.020), except FO of Thalassiosira complicata and FO Rhizosolenia sp. D which are new (unpublished) ages determined in recent model runs (Cody et al., submitted).

Coverage: EVENT LABEL: AND1-1B (AND-1B) * LATITUDE: -77.889440 * LONGITUDE: 167.089320 * DATE/TIME START: 2006-10-31T00:00:00 * DATE/TIME END: 2006-12-26T00:00:00 * ELEVATION: -917.0 m * Recovery: 1284.85 m * CAMPAIGN: MIS * BASIS: McMurdo Station * METHOD/DEVICE: Drilling/drill rig
Date made availableMar 19 2009

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