ABSTRACT The residue of imidazolinone herbicides in soil can be detrimental to soybean cultivation in rotation with Clearfield® rice. Thus, this research aimed to evaluate the ryegrass phytoremediation capacity on the imazapyr+imazapic residue in the soil in two soil moisture conditions in the off-season, and the effect on soybean growth in the next growing season. Two experiments were conducted between 2016 and 2017 in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. It was used the randomized block design in a 3 × 2 factorial. The first factor being the residue in the soil of 0, 210 and 420 g c.p.·ha–1 of the formulated mixture of the herbicides imazapyr+imazapic(525 + 175 g a.i.·kg–1) applied to rice in the 2015/2016 growing season, and the second factor being the presence or absence of ryegrass in the off-season. One experiment was conducted under soil moisture above 70% of field capacity in the off-season, and the other under ambient condition of soil moisture. The soil residue of the application of 420 g c.p.·ha–1 of the imazapyr+imazapic herbicides performed129 days before planting caused phytotoxicity and reduced dry matter of ryegrass under high soil moisture condition in the off-season in irrigated rice areas. Soybean, when planted 359 days after application, has its initial root and shoot growth affected by the residue of 210 and 420 g c.p.·ha–1 rates in high soil moisture condition in the off-season, regardless of ryegrass cultivation during the same period. However, grain yield is not affected.
|Date made available||Jul 1 2019|
|Publisher||figshare Academic Research System|