5XEZ : Structure of the Full-length glucagon class B G protein-coupled receptor

  • Limin Ma (Contributor)
  • Gaojie Song (Contributor)
  • Raymond C. Stevens (Contributor)
  • Xiaoqing Cai (Contributor)
  • Michael A. Hanson (Contributor)
  • Dehua Yang (Contributor)
  • Steffen Reedtz-Runge (Contributor)
  • Thomas Grant (Contributor)
  • Jesper Lau (Contributor)
  • Yuhui Dong (Contributor)
  • Linlin Yang (Contributor)
  • Haonan Zhang (Contributor)
  • Venkatasubramanian Dharmarajan (Contributor)
  • Xiaoai Wu (Contributor)
  • Haonan Zhang (Contributor)
  • Hualiang Jiang (Contributor)
  • Vadim Cherezov (Contributor)
  • Wei Liu (Contributor)
  • Yanhong Wu (Contributor)
  • Qiang Zhao (Contributor)
  • Guangyao Lin (Contributor)
  • Zhi Geng (Contributor)
  • Uwe Weierstall (Contributor)
  • G. Nelson (Contributor)
  • Anna Qiao (Contributor)
  • Hui Zhang (Contributor)
  • Huaiyu Yang (Contributor)
  • Raymond Sierra (Contributor)
  • Antao Dai (Contributor)
  • Beili Wu (Contributor)
  • Gye Won Han (Contributor)
  • Beili Wu (Contributor)
  • Patrick R. Griffin (Contributor)
  • Chris De Graaf (Contributor)
  • Ming Wei Wang (Contributor)



Experimental Technique/Method:X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Release Date:2017-05-24
Deposition Date:2017-04-06
Revision Date:2017-06-07#2017-06-14
Molecular Weight:232074.72
Macromolecule Type:Protein
Residue Count:2038
Atom Site Count:15068

The human glucagon receptor, GCGR, belongs to the class B G-protein-coupled receptor family and plays a key role in glucose homeostasis and the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes. Here we report the 3.0 Å crystal structure of full-length GCGR containing both the extracellular domain and transmembrane domain in an inactive conformation. The two domains are connected by a 12-residue segment termed the stalk, which adopts a β-strand conformation, instead of forming an α-helix as observed in the previously solved structure of the GCGR transmembrane domain. The first extracellular loop exhibits a β-hairpin conformation and interacts with the stalk to form a compact β-sheet structure. Hydrogen-deuterium exchange, disulfide crosslinking and molecular dynamics studies suggest that the stalk and the first extracellular loop have critical roles in modulating peptide ligand binding and receptor activation. These insights into the full-length GCGR structure deepen our understanding of the signalling mechanisms of class B G-protein-coupled receptors.
Date made availableMay 24 2017

Cite this